Die Zusammenfassung der internationalen HYENA-Studie kommt zu dem Schluss:
Der Einfluss von Nachtfluglärm auf den Bluthochdruck ist signifikant und zwingt zu Gegenmaßnahmen.
siehe auch unter http://www.ehponline.org/members/2007/10775/10775.pdf
An increasing number of people are exposed to aircraft and road traffic noise. Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and even a small contribution in risk from environmental factors may have a major impact on public health.
The HYENA study aimed to assess the relations between noise from aircraft or road traffic near airports and the risk of hypertension.
We measured blood pressure and collected data on health, socio-economic and life-style factors, including diet and physical activity, via questionnaire at home visits for 4,861 persons aged 45 to 70, who had lived at least five years near any of six major European airports. Noise exposure was assessed using detailed models with a resolution of 1dB (5dB for UK road traffic noise), and a spatial resolution of 250 x 250m for aircraft and 10 x 10m for road traffic noise.
We found significant exposure-response relationships between night-time aircraft as well as average daily road traffic noise exposure and risk of hypertension after adjustment for major confounders. For night-time aircraft noise, a 10dB increase in exposure was associated with an odds ratio of 1.14 (95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.29). The exposure-response relationships were similar for road traffic noise and stronger for men with an odds ratio of 1.54 (95% CI: 0.99-2.40) in the highest exposure category (>65dB);(ptrend = 0.008).
Our results indicate excess risks of hypertension related to long term noise exposure, primarily for night-time aircraft noise and daily average road traffic noise.